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Ecoterra, No. 1-2, p. 6, 2004

Universitatea Babeş-Bolyai din Cluj-Napoca, Facultatea de Ştiinţa Mediului

Abstract: Copşa Mică, a town lying in the corridor of the Great Târnava river, is an example of degradation of the environment, entirely caused by the nature of the economical development policies put into practice before 1989 and by the economical context that appeared after 1990. The decline of the environment in this town was and still is generated by the Copşa Mică industrial platform, seeing that industry is the pillar that economically supports this locality. The following aspects can be traced in terms of the impact of the industrial activities upon the environment: the accumulation of heavy metals in the water, soil and living creatures, the visual and aesthetic pollution of the landscape, the pollution of the industrial environment and of the built one, the changes in using the lands, the de-structuring of the soils, the aridization of the topoclimate by the modification of the albedo, the economical losses and so on. As a remedial solution, Copşa Mică needs to be declared ‘a pilot area of reconversion of the environment’, whereas the involvement of the local community and the gearing of the dismissed labour force in actions of re-making the natural and built environment could diminish the unemployment rate and the poverty condition of the town’s population.
Key words: environment, industrial activities, pollution, negative impact

Ecoterra, No. 1-2, p. 7, 2004

Vlad CODREA, Paul DICA, Ovidiu BARBU
Universitatea Babeş-Bolyai din Cluj-Napoca, Facultatea de Biologie şi Geologie

Abstract: The noticing of the very first dinosaurs on our country’s area is linked to the name of paleontologist F. Nopcsa (1877-1933). He preponderantly researched the Haţeg Depression, discovering several important sites. These areas began to be studied again in our days by both Romanian and foreign researchers, with remarkable scientific results. Especially the Toteşti and Nălaţ-Vad sites, by their exceptional palentologic content, represent a huge value for the Romanian geological patrimony, their appropriate protection being called for.
Key words: dinosaurs, geological patrimony, Haţeg basin

Ecoterra, No. 1-2, p. 8, 2004

Ciprian BODEA
Universitatea Babeş-Bolyai din Cluj-Napoca, Facultatea de Ştiinţa Mediului

Abstract: Romania’s water resources are relatively poor and unevenly distributed in space and time, totalling approximately 134 x 109 m3, that is to say surface waters (such as lakes, rivers, the Danube) and underground waters. The quantitative problems of the water, which are faced by the current society, are increasingly added those linked to the quality of the water. The factors that lead to the water pollution are demographical, urbanistic and industrial. In order to have a long lasting management of Romania’s water resources, people need to act in pursuance of the national and international provisions relative to the water management, taking into account a number of principles for the economy of both the waters and the environment. The goals that derive therefrom have to be: to create some new sources of water, to save the waters, to reduce the losses, to retechnologize the manufacturing processes, to put up and retechnologize the waste waters purging stations, to ecologically reconstruct the deteriorated aquatic sectors.
Key words: water resources, water quality, pollution, water management

Ecoterra, No. 1-2, p. 10, 2004

Academia Română

Abstract: A project of gold exploitation in the area of the Roşia Montana locality lying in the Apuseni Mountains aroused an intense controversy in the Romanian society and even abroad. The project supporters’ arguments are that this work gives rise to jobs in an unfavoured area and that the benefits that it brings to the Romanian state and to the local community are around 580 million dollars during the 17 year lapse of time foreseen for the exploitation lifetime. The Romanian Academy, numerous non-governmental organisations, associations and scientific institutions, Romanian and foreign great personalities oppose the project. The main argument is sustained by the Romanian Academy, which states that ‘the project does not represent a work of public interest for the benefit of the national economy’ that would justify neither its negative collateral effects nor its risks, thus recommending it to be abandoned. The argumentation of the opposition towards the project is based on the fact that the mining forecast to be made in a relatively short period of time does not provide a solution for the long lasting development of the area, that it brings forth minimal direct economical benefits, that the number of the jobs is small (around 300 in the operational period), that it jeopardizes a highly important archeological area, that it disturbs the life of a community that has to be partially sacrificed by moving away and expropriation. A serious alarming reason against the project is generated by the consideration of the effects upon the environment. This column here debates all these issues.
Key words: Roşia Montană, gold exploitation, environment, impact

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